Useful Bible Studies > Hebrews Commentary > Study Guide

Hebrews – a 13 week study guide (to print and use)

Please print this section if you would like to study the Book of Hebrews with a group of people.

Week 1 – Hebrews chapter 1 – The importance of God’s Son

Read Hebrews chapter 1, then discuss these questions:

(1) How has God spoken to his people in the past? Compare Hebrews 1:1 with Psalm 19.

(2) What does Hebrews chapter 1 say about the relationship between God the Father and God the Son?

(3) What does Hebrews chapter 1 teach us about angels (God’s special servants from heaven)?

(4) What does Hebrews chapter 1 tell us that Jesus is doing now? And what does it say that Jesus will do in the future?

Week 2 – Hebrews chapter 2 – God with us

Read Hebrews chapter 2, then discuss these questions:

(1) How has God shown us that he wants to save us?

(2) Why is Jesus not ruling the world now? Compare Hebrews 2:6-9 with Philippians 2:5-11 and 2 Peter 3:3-9.

(3) What does Hebrews chapter 2 say about the relationship between Jesus and the people whom he saves?

(4) Why was it necessary for Jesus, God’s Son, to become a man?

(5) What does Hebrews chapter 2 say that Jesus has done to save his people? And what is he doing now to help them?

Week 3 – Hebrews chapter 3 – Moses and the people whom he led

Read Hebrews chapter 3, then discuss these questions:

(1) Why is Moses so important in the Bible? Why is Christ even more important than Moses?

(2) In this chapter, ‘unbelief’ does not mean sincere doubts. It means an attitude that people choose on purpose, not to allow God to rule their lives. What was the result of that attitude for the people that Moses led? Why is that attitude so dangerous?

(3) Read the whole of Psalm 95. What does that Psalm tell us that our attitude towards God should be?

(4) Why does Hebrews chapter 3 emphasise the word ‘today’?

Week 4 – Hebrews chapter 4 – Rest for God’s people

Read Hebrews chapter 4, then discuss these questions:

(1) What does Hebrews chapter 4 say about the Sabbath (the weekly day for rest)? And what does the chapter mean by ‘God’s rest’?

(2) Why are some people unable to benefit from God’s promises and from his good news? Who are these people? What wrong attitude do they have?

(3) What attitude should people have towards God? How can we receive the benefit of the promises in his word (the Bible)?

(4) Compare Hebrews 4:15 with 1 Peter 2:21-24. Why is it important to us that Jesus never carried out any evil deed?

(5) What does Hebrews 4:16 teach about prayer?

Week 5 – Hebrews chapter 5 – Reasons to make progress in our knowledge of Christ

Read Hebrews chapter 5, then discuss these questions:

(1) What was the work of Israel’s chief priests? How is Christ’s work as our chief priest similar to their work?

(2) Read Psalm 110. Then read Mark 12:35-37 and Acts 2:29-36. Discuss how these passages use Psalm 110. Psalm 110 describes a king who was also priest. Discuss why its message was so important for Jesus and the first Christians.

(3) Compare Hebrews 5:7 with Mark 14:32-42. What do these passages tell us about the nature of Jesus’ prayers?

(4) Explain why Christians need to develop and to become mature in their relationship with God.

Week 6 – Hebrews chapter 6 – How to receive the benefit of God’s promise

Read Hebrews chapter 6, then discuss these questions:

(1) What do Christians believe about the subjects in Hebrews 6:1-2?

(2) Sometimes a person who understands clearly about Christ refuses to serve God. Why is that behaviour terrible? If God gives that person another opportunity to trust him, what should that person do?

(3) Read 1 Corinthians chapter 13. Explain what Hebrews 6:10-12 says about faith (active belief and trust in God), hope, and love. Then read what Galatians 5:22-23 says about love, kindness, and patience.

(4) Explain why a Christian’s hope in God is certain. What has God done to give his people confidence that his promises are certain?

Week 7 – Hebrews chapter 7 – Christ, the only priest that we need

Read Hebrews chapter 7, then discuss these questions:

(1) Read Genesis 14:18-20. How was Melchizedek different from Israel’s priests? And how was he similar to Christ?

(2) How does Hebrews chapter 7 show us that Christ was greater than Israel’s priests? What facts does the author give in order to prove that?

(3) Read Hebrews 7:24-35. Why is it so important for us that Jesus is alive now? What work is Jesus doing now as our chief priest?

(4) Read Hebrews 7:27. Why was Jesus’ death the most important event in history? How can we benefit from it now?

Week 8 – Hebrews chapter 8 – The new relationship between God and his people

Read Hebrews chapter 8, then discuss these questions:

(1) Why did God provide copies on earth of things that are in heaven? What can we learn from those copies?

(2) Hebrews chapter 8 refers to two covenants (peace agreements) between God and his people. What was the first covenant? What happened when people were not loyal to it?

(3) What is the new covenant? How is it different from the first covenant? Compare this passage with 2 Corinthians 3:3-11. Read what Jesus said about the new covenant in 1 Corinthians 11:23-26.

(4) How can people know God? How can God forgive their evil deeds? How does God change people’s lives? Read John 3:1-16 and 2 Corinthians 5:17.

Week 9 – Hebrews chapter 9 – The purpose of Christ’s death

Read Hebrews chapter 9, then discuss these questions:

(1) Why did God not allow Israel’s priests to enter the inner room of the temple (God’s house)? What special arrangements were necessary on the one day each year when the chief priest entered it?

(2) When did Jesus enter the most holy place in heaven? Why did he enter there, and what was the result?

(3) Explain the effect of the blood of animals in Hebrews 9:18-22. Explain the effect of the blood of Christ in Hebrews 9:14 and 9:23.

(4) Why is Christ’s death the perfect sacrifice (gift that God considers valuable)?

Week 10 – Hebrews chapter 10 – How God makes people holy

Read Hebrews chapter 10, then discuss these questions:

(1) Explain how Christ has completed the work to forgive his people’s wrong deeds. What is the evidence that this has happened?

(2) Who can have the closest relationship with God? What is the nature of that relationship? What did Christ do to make that possible? What must we do to receive it?

(3) Holy means ‘separate for God’. Read 1 Peter 2:9-10. Explain how Christians are God’s ‘holy nation’. How can we become more holy?

(4) What is the right attitude for a Christian to have during great troubles? Compare Matthew 5:2-12 with Hebrews 10:32-39.

Week 11 – Hebrews chapter 11 – Faith

Read Hebrews 11:1-22, then discuss these questions:

(1) In the Bible, faith means active belief and trust in God. Why is it necessary to trust as well as to believe? Why does faith need to be active? Why is it impossible to please God without faith (Hebrews 11:6)?

(2) Discuss the life of Abraham. How did Abraham show faith? What was the result of his faith? Read Romans 4:13-22 and discuss the relationship between Abraham’s faith and God’s promises to him.

(3) Read Hebrews 11:23-40, then read Hebrews 11:13-16 again. Why are God’s people strangers and foreigners in this world? Where is their real home? And what is the city that God has prepared for them (Hebrews 11:16 and Hebrews 12:22-24)?

Week 12 – Hebrews chapter 12 – How Christians deal with this world’s troubles

Read Hebrews chapter 12, then discuss these questions:

(1) Why do we call God ‘our Father’? Who has the right to call God ‘Father’? In what ways does God act as a father does? What lessons would we like God to teach us?

(2) Compare Hebrews 12:16-17 with Genesis 25:29-34. Why were Esau’s attitudes wrong? How do people today refuse the good things that God wants to give to them? And for what reasons do people refuse God’s gifts? Read Luke 14:15-24.

(3) Read Hebrews 12:22-24 again. Why is it important for Christians to know that God has prepared a home for them? Who are the citizens of the New Jerusalem? Why is the blood of Jesus important in the description of this city?

(4) What does Hebrews 12:26-28 tell us about troubles in this world? How severe will those troubles be, and where else will they affect? Is there anywhere that cannot suffer from these troubles? How can we be safe?

Week 13 – Hebrews chapter 13 - How Christians should live

Read Hebrews chapter 13, then discuss these questions:

(1) How should Christians behave towards other Christians? How should Christians behave towards strangers? In what practical ways can we show God’s love to people who are not Christians?

(2) What three instructions does Hebrews chapter 13 give about church leaders? What is the correct attitude for church members to have towards their leaders? And what is the correct attitude for leaders towards the members?

(3) ‘Jesus suffered shame so that Christians do not have to suffer shame.’ Why is that statement wrong? How should Christians behave when their enemies are cruel to them?

(4) Why should Christians praise God? Why should they pray for each other?

(5) Read Hebrews 13:9. How can we protect ourselves from people who teach wrong things about God?

(6) Read Hebrews 13:8. Try to learn that verse. What change has Jesus made in your life? Or, what change will you ask him to make in your life?

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© 2014, Keith Simons.